How to Add, Remove Or Replace An Element at a Specified Index With Javascript Splice Method

By onjsdev

Nov 11th, 2023

The splice methods allows us to to modify an array by adding, removing, or replacing elements at a specified index by mutating the original array which means it make changes on the array. In this article we will cover the splice method's syntax and usage exploring with examples.


The syntax of the splice() method is as follows:

array.splice(startIndex, deleteCount, item1, item2, ...)
  • startIndex: The index at which to start modifying the array.
  • deleteCount (optional): The number of elements to remove from the array starting from the startIndex. If set to 0, no elements will be removed.
  • item1, item2, ... (optional): Elements to be inserted into the array at the startIndex.

Removing Elements

To remove elements from an array using splice(), you need to specify the startIndex and the number of elements to remove (deleteCount). Here's an example:

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
numbers.splice(2, 2);
console.log(numbers); // Output: [1, 2, 5]

In the above example, splice(2, 2) removes two elements starting from index 2, resulting in the array [1, 2, 5].

Adding Elements

To add elements to an array using splice(), you can provide additional arguments after the deleteCount. Here's an example:

const fruits = ['apple', 'banana', 'orange'];
fruits.splice(1, 0, 'mango', 'kiwi');
console.log(fruits); // Output: ['apple', 'mango', 'kiwi', 'banana', 'orange']

In the example above, splice(1, 0, 'mango', 'kiwi') inserts the elements 'mango' and 'kiwi' starting from index 1, effectively adding them to the middle of the array.

Replacing Elements

The splice() method can also be used to replace elements within an array. By specifying the startIndex and the deleteCount, you can remove elements and insert new ones simultaneously. Here's an example:

const colors = ['red', 'green', 'blue'];
colors.splice(1, 1, 'yellow');
console.log(colors); // Output: ['red', 'yellow', 'blue']

In the above example, splice(1, 1, 'yellow') removes one element at index 1 ('green') and replaces it with 'yellow'.


The javascript splice() method provides a powerful way to modify arrays dynamically. By using the appropriate parameters, you can add, remove, or replace elements at specific indices modifying the original array

Thank you for reading.