Bash Variables

By onjsdev

Dec 25th, 2023

Bash is a powerful command-line interpreter in the Linux and Unix operating systems. In this article, we'll take a closer look at Bash variables, including how to define them, how to access their values, and how to use them in Bash scripts.

How to Define Bash Variables

Bash variables can be defined in a number of ways. The simplest way is to assign a value to a variable using the = operator. For example, the following command creates a variable called "myvar" and sets its value to "hello":


You can also create a variable without assigning a value to it by simply declaring it. For example, the following command creates a variable called "myvar" without assigning a value:


Get A Variable From A User

Another way to define a variable is to use the read command to read input from the user and store it in a variable. For example, the following command prompts the user to enter a value and stores it in the "myvar" variable:

read -p "Enter a value: " myvar

Accesing Bash Variables

Once you have defined a Bash variable, you can access its value using the $ operator. For example, to print the value of the "myvar" variable, you can use the echo command as follows:

echo $myvar

You can also use the curly braces {} to enclose the variable name when accessing it. This is useful when you want to concatenate a variable with other text. For example:

echo "The value of myvar is ${myvar}."

Using Bash Variables in Scripts

Bash variables are particularly useful in scripts, where they can be used to store values that are used repeatedly throughout the script. For example, you might define a variable to store the name of a file that your script will create:

You can then use this variable throughout your script, for example, to create the file:

touch $filename


Bash variables are a powerful feature that can be used to store and manipulate values in Bash scripts. By defining variables, you can make your scripts more flexible and easier to read and maintain. By understanding how to define and access Bash variables, you can unlock the full power of the Bash shell.

Thank you for reading.